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footloose industry ap human geography


The percentage of people employed in agriculture also declines as machines replace human beings and as modern farming techniques increase crop yields. This has contributed to economic and social challenges in many communities that were previously reliant on these industries. When women stay in school longer, they tend to have future children, so birthrate is the answer. Pioneered by Henry Ford for mass production with interchangeable parts. A decrease in the percentage of women in the labor force. 0000003220 00000 n It can also lead to a loss of competitiveness in international markets and a decline in the overall standard of living. A large quantity goods would be transported via ship because an airplane would require several trips, which would then increase transportation costs. These industries often have spatially fixed costs, which means that the costs of the products do not change despite where the product is assembled. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. It was once a hub of heavy industry, but has experienced significant deindustrialization in recent decades due to the loss of manufacturing jobs and the closure of factories. Examples: Proctor & Gamble, Unilever, Coca-cola. Industrialization has diffused throughout the world, reshaping all aspects of life. Footloose industries became prevalent in geographic parlance during the quantitative approach in geography from the 1950s onward. 0000057928 00000 n Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on farmers in India. Intellectual property: creating and protecting intangible assets, such as patents, trademarks, and copyrights. An example of a footloose processing industry is honey. *AP & Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this site. Manufacturing or other industry in which cost of transporting both raw materials and finished product is not important for determining location of the firm. AP Human Geography Ethnicity, Race, and Political Geography . Healthcare: providing medical services and treatments to individuals. High-level management: making strategic decisions and setting the overall direction of an organization. The correct answer is (A). However, it tends to cluster for some of the above reasons and thus is not a good example of a contemporary footloose industry. Contain several discontinuous pieces of territory. 0000007804 00000 n 15 Qs . These countries have experienced significant economic growth and development in recent years, but they are still not as economically advanced as the core countries of the global economy. The clothing industry, for example, is such a footloose industry that has developed a truly global pattern. (Traditionally, the footloose concept has been applied in manufacturing, once the dominant sector in the economy.) Bulk-gaining industries are close to their markets for this same reason. This simplified, big-picture view is an important baseline understanding before beginning to learn the concepts of the Industry chapter. This economics-related article is a stub. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. 0000001095 00000 n A geographer makes a map of furniture sales in a metropolitan region. Also, location with a good connectivity of roads, railways, telecommunication, airways etc. The weight of the raw honey and wax is the same as the finishing product. THE IDEA OF FOOTLOOSE industries has changed along with the transformation from an industrial to a postindustrial economy. A footloose industry is an industry whose location is not strongly influenced by access to materials and/or markets, and can operate in a wide range of locations. In world trade, core (a.k.a MDCs, First World, etc.) Not all free-response questions on this page reflect the current exam, but the question types and the topics are . Dependency theory. Footloose Industry. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Commodity, Footloose Industries, Outsourcing and more. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! 10. footloose firms: . Examples of countries that might be considered part of the periphery include many countries in Africa, Latin America, and parts of Asia. Particularly in industries that are labor intensive, where the products have high value per weight unit, and free trade is the norm, the propensity to frequently seek out new production sites is strong. Please wait while the activity loads. These industries can be located at a wide variety of places, as these are not weight-losing nor raw-material-specific. Ozone depletion is linked to chlorofluorocarbons, which eliminates all answers except (A) and (D). This means that less skilled and lower paid workers are priced out of the market in desirable areas. 4. export processing zone: industries industry . answer choices. Like the inputs, the output is lightweight and can be easily transported to the markets. Moreover, the contemporary postindustrial economy is more and more characterized by flow of information and people rather than bulky goods, which has made traditional transportation cost-based location analysis less relevant. The correct answer is (B). Motorway links and railways also provide access for commuters and for transporting components and products. All content of site and practice tests copyright 2017 Max. 65 0 obj <> endobj The Rostow model is wrong because colonialism disrupts the natural pattern of industrialization. . While a high birthrate usually indicates a severe level of gender inequality, there is not always a relationship between the two. The correct answer is (E). Makes communication difficult. xb```")[ p}gR10d+8&xB% H6/<4GR@P%m p1rq@64^;i! Footloose industry is a general term for an industry that can be placed and located at any location without effect from factors of production such as resources, land, labour, and capital. <<291f632947ad3443b6e844c06ca19368>]>> Jewelry-making is a footloose industry because its valuable, lightweight materials can be processed and assembled anywhere. Mining: extracting minerals, such as coal, metal ores, and oil, from the earth. This leads to parts manufacturers needing to locate near auto assembly plants, for example. The United Kingdom: The UK has also experienced significant deindustrialization in recent decades, with the decline of industries such as coal mining, steel production, and shipbuilding. From there, goods are put onto trucks for delivery to stores. These countries often have lower levels of economic development and industrialization compared to the core countries, and may be more vulnerable to external economic and political pressures. Popular AP Human Geography sets 1.1, 1.4 Scale of analysis and Regional analysis FIRST SET OF VOCAB Second set of pop vocab Migration Culture Language Religion 4.1-4.3 Agriculture Some measure the total output of each country, the distribution of income, rates of childbirth, the number of people who can read, or rates of literacy, and the different opportunities available to males and females. Industry that locate in a wide variety of places without a significant change in its cost of transportation, land, labor, and capital. Human Population . 18. 0000001017 00000 n The semi-periphery occupies a middle ground between the core and the periphery, and often has a mix of characteristics from both. The Hoyt sector model relates to urban geography, and Von Thnens land-use model relates to agricultural geography, which means those answers can be eliminated. But as cities often offer similar economic incentive packages, location decisions may be determined by other factors. Moreover, they produce in relatively small quantities, employing smaller workforces and are considered to be more efficient from an ecological point of view. The numerical value of Footloose industry in Chaldean Numerology is: 5, The numerical value of Footloose industry in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9. Deglomeration. Copper smelting and ethanol production are both bulk-reducing, so they would locate close to their raw materials. Because Coca Cola is a Footloose industry. To cope with this reality, local governments increasingly offer incentives to lure footloose industries. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). comparative costs of transportation), industrial location, economic Agglomeration involves the clustering of similar businesses in the same area. Answers (A), (B), and (C) are completely false. AP Human Geography is ideal for introductory-level AP learning. The percentage of women in the labor force compared to men. Previous; Next; Toggle navigation. The weight of the raw honey and wax is the same as the finishing product. The key characteristics a footloose industry are: These industries are crucial for the development of areas which lack locational advantages with respect to heavy and small industries like port facilities, availability of raw materials, etc. Footloose industry - an industry in which cost of transporting both raw materials and finished product is not important for determining location of the firm. Primary production often involves the use of natural resources and can have significant environmental impacts. (150 words). The correct answer is (D). The footloose industry is such type industry which doesnt have a strong locational preference as the input resources and output markets can be found in many places. A furniture store advertises a sale on tables. You have not finished your quiz. Quinary production is typically carried out by highly educated and experienced individuals, and can have significant impacts on the direction and performance of the economy. Definitions.net. Smog is linked to carbon monoxide emissions, so (D) is the answer. Includes examples. https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog597i_02/node/821. With the globalization of the economy, the spatial margins to profitability have widened to encompass large areas of the world. Meaning of Footloose industry. plays MICHAEL SCHRYVER 6 years Worksheet Save Share Copy and Edit Geography. First, we must assume that the most important factor in industrial location is the cost of transportation (however, this is less and less true over time). These are environment-friendly industries as the process involved in these industries have a negligible carbon footprint. Examples of secondary production include: Secondary production often involves the use of specialized equipment and skilled labor, and can have significant economic and technological impacts. 0000000016 00000 n Forestry: harvesting trees for wood and other products, such as paper. "Footloose industry." Click on the button above for an overview the changes a society experiences when industrializing. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. Which of the following is the BEST example of a footloose industry? The locational logic described so far has become less powerful over time for a couple of reasons. development, and world systems, Contemporary patterns and impacts of industrialization and development, Spatial organization of the world economy, 2016 - Question 1: Development - Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary economic activities, 2014 - Question 1: Compare Rostow & Wallerstein models of development, 2013 - Question 1: Agglomeration industries: Silicon Valley, 2011 - Question 3: Industrial Location: Auto Industry in the United States, 2010 - Question 1: Weber's Least Cost Theory: Location of Ethanol Plants in the US, 2008 - Question 3: Gender Development/Education, 2007 - Question 2: International Division of Labor, 2006 - Question 2: Location of Services: Call Centers, 2004 - Question 1: Location of Industries: Maquiladora Plants in Mexico, 2001 - Question 3: Rostow's Stages of Development, 2008 - Question 1: Von Thunen Model/Burgess Concentric Zone Model Comparison (Agriculture/Industry), Industrial Revolution: Start, Growth, and Diffusion. Let's take the example of a dairy. As high-paying jobs were outsourced, men disproportionately lost jobs and more families became two-income families, which eliminates (B). AP Human Geography Test: Industrial & Economic Development Question 1 Which of the following has a positive correlation with the Human Development Index? It can be driven by a variety of factors, including technological change, globalization, and shifts in economic policy. Outsourcing. A. Amanda DoAmaral. Once you are finished, click the button below. An example of a footloose industry is the Hi-Tech industry, where computing and other occurs. Forestry: harvesting trees for wood and other products, such as paper. 0 The correct answer is (B) because the secondary sector involves manufacturing. a customer-service representative who handles phone calls the chief executive for a large corporation an assembly worker in the auto industry an accountant who handles a company's payroll a writer who works on marketing materials Question 6 30 seconds Q. Primary vs. secondary industrial location Wallersteins World Systems Theory divides the world into core nations and periphery nations, which closely parallels neocolonial ideas. 649 . Selling a product (C & D) falls into the tertiary sector, and data management of those sales is in the quaternary sector (E). If raw material is easily accessible in numerous locations, markets are dispersed, and the physical properties of the commodity are such that transportation cost makes up a small portion of total cost, the locational choice is much greater. What does Footloose industry mean? Not to be outcompeted by their neighbors, other cities answer with similar measures, which have brought an era of unparalleled interurban competition. Air quality may have improved, but it has not improved rapidly, so (D) is wrong. Economic geographers interested in industrial location borrowed ideas and methodology from neo-classical economics. What are footloose industries? The Rust Belt in the United States: The Rust Belt is a region in the U.S. that stretches from New York to Illinois and includes states such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Michigan. The correct answer is (A). Break-of-bulk points are important because they allow for the efficient movement of goods over long distances by enabling the use of different modes of transportation. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. %%EOF It can drive innovation and competitiveness in the economy, and is an important contributor to economic growth and development. Research and development: conducting scientific and technological research to advance knowledge and create new products and technologies. Africa, continental Europe, Great Britain, Latin America, continental Europe, Great Britain, Africa, Latin America, continental Europe, Great Britain, Latin America, Africa, Great Britain, continental Europe, Africa, Latin America, Great Britain, continental Europe, Latin America, Africa. It is an important contributor to economic growth and development, as it can create high-skilled, high-paying jobs and drive innovation. One cost was to the environment. AP Human Geography Unit 7 - Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes . Mining: extracting minerals, such as coal, metal ores, and oil, from the earth. Finance: providing financial services, such as banking, investment, and insurance. These are generally not polluting industries. Question 38. Jewelry-making is a footloose industry because its valuable, lightweight materials can be processed and assembled anywhere. Sometimes also referred to as Multi-national corporations (MNC's). The percentage of seats held by women in the national legislature. It includes all of the steps, from the extraction of raw materials to the final sale of the finished product to the consumer. 8 week murph training program,

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